The 1950s' : Pivotal years for the wine culture ?
When I recently put my hands on a few old prints and documents, I realized how our memory and knowledge of a relatively recent past is elusive. What is true for general History (idealization of the past) is also true for things related to wine. Here are a few reminders to put the wine landscape into perspective.
Emile Peynaud (1912-2004) in the Bordeaux region, determined through his research the optimal fruit ripeness, the proper use of crushing and maceration, temperature control and the importance of malolactic fermentation.
Jules Chauvet (1905-1989) in Beaujolais studied indigenous yeasts, carbonic maceration, malic metabolism and also how all of this transforms in subtle aromas in the glass. His tasting notes are considered a mine of informations and he designed the INAO tasting glass that we all take for granted.
Both played an important role in the coming-of-age of our modern relation to wine.