At least 8 tractors with gondolas and pickers were positionned in the vineyard. The pickers seemed to be sometimes ethnic Russians, sometimes Caucasians from further east, depending of the harvesting teams. Sign of the times, I saw one of the young women pause on the side and chat on her cell phone.
Hand picking is still common in the large vineyards of Russia, because the wages are still low in the region. Some of these workers come from the neighboring provinces of Daghestan, Chechnya or Uzbekistan. They find here work with higher wages compared with their country/province of origin, and some may have fled the violent civil wars of the south-eastern Caucase.